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By 袁春凤 (Tiffany)
Rubber shock absorber for automobiles
With the development of social economy, the automobile industry at home and abroad is facing a period of rapid change, which is characterized by further improving the service life of the automobile under the premise of ensuring driving safety, riding comfort, high speed and luxury. Damping products are used to control the vibration and noise of automobiles and to improve their handling stability. They are generally placed in the engine frame, rod holder, suspension shaft lining, center bearing bracket, bump limiter and torsional vibration absorber to improve the safety and comfort of automobiles. Damping products can be divided into four categories: bracket type, shaft lining type, buffer type and damping type. The main requirements of damping, heat resistance and fatigue resistance are good. Automobile shock absorber rubber products include engine bearings, suspension components, rubber springs, rubber air springs and impact rubber protective parts. In recent years, in order to improve the safety, comfort and maneuverability of automobiles, the variety and quantity of shock absorber rubber products for automobiles are increasing as the number of shock absorber rubber products on a car has reached 50-60 pieces.
By 袁春凤 (Tiffany)
Basic knowledge of shock absorbing rubber products
1. Static stiffness: refers to the ratio of the change of pressure (or tensile force) to the change of displacement in a given displacement range. The static stiffness must be measured within a certain displacement range. The static stiffness values measured in different displacement ranges are different, but some families require the change curve measured in the whole displacement range.
2. Dynamic stiffness: It refers to the ratio of the change of pressure (or tensile force) to the change of displacement of damping rubber in a certain displacement range and a certain frequency.
3. dynamic magnification: the ratio of the dynamic stiffness to the static stiffness measured by the damping rubber in a certain range of displacement.
4. Loss coefficient: There is a phase difference between the deformation of rubber and the stress of rubber in the course of the force acting on damping rubber, and the stress of rubber is generally ahead of the phase angle of the deformation of rubber.
5. Torsional stiffness: refers to the ratio of torsional moment to torsional angle of damping rubber within a certain range of torsional angle.
6. Durability: It refers to the number of times of vibration when the rubber is in good condition after n times of reciprocating vibration under certain preloading load, amplitude and vibration frequency in a certain direction.Thanks for the help and support of Chongqing Feilong Jiangli Auto Parts technical department.
By 袁春凤 (Tiffany)
Introduction of defects in rubber products vulcanizing
1.Lack of glue: due to insufficient weight or poor fluidity, some defects should be found in rubber parts.
2.Degumming: the failure of rubber and frame inserts will result in disengagement or separation.
3.Bubbles: also known as "bulging", because the gas is coated in the rubber epidermis and the formation of local epidermis blistering phenomenon; Thanks for the help and support of Chongqing Feilong jiangli’s Technical department.
4.Rotten bubbles: also known as "pit gas", because the gas has not been discharged from the cavity, so that the die corner of the rubber cavity is less sulfur sticky, and protruding from the surrounding rubber surface phenomenon
5.Gel cracking: a phenomenon of cracking on the glue surface.
6.Under sulfur: the inner surface of the gum is microporous, and the exterior is uplifted and deformed.
7.Sticking mould: the phenomenon that the local glue of vulcanized product is adhered to the wall of the mold cavity.
8.Hot die: also known as curling edge, "bite edge" and so on, refers to the product parting line is not smooth, cracks, serrated waste edge and other phenomena.
By Mengjuan Zhu
Automobile rubber products are indispensable components in automobile parts. According to the different types of cars, each car needs to install about 100-200 kinds of rubber products, to use more than 200-500 rubber accessories. In addition to tires, different sizes of cars vary, and the consumption of rubber materials is about 15-60 kilograms. A car's rubber products (excluding tyres) account for about 6% of the total vehicle cost. There are more than 1000 kinds of non tire rubber products in automobile industry, and there are about 8000 specifications. According to statistics, the automotive industry accounts for more than 70% of the global annual consumption of raw rubber, including 60% of tires, 40% of automotive rubber accessories.
High speed, safety, comfort, energy saving and environmental protection are the goals pursued by modern cars. With the development of modern automotive technology, the requirements for automotive rubber products are becoming increasingly stringent and demanding. It is not only required that rubber materials with various special properties meet the new technical requirements of automobiles, but also that rubber materials have higher physical and mechanical properties, such as aging resistance, high temperature resistance, low temperature resistance, new fuel and excellent performance. The dynamic fatigue performance, durable service life and so on. In fact, every high performance of modern automobiles depends on the technical progress of rubber products to provide protection. The performance and quality of automotive rubber products play a crucial role in improving the quality of automobiles. It should be noted here that although rubber products always play a role in a variety of mechanical equipment accessories, but rubber accessories are always about the technical progress and level of the host. Therefore, it can be said that the technical progress and quality level of automobile rubber products can basically reflect the technical level of automobile.
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