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By 袁春凤 (Tiffany)
The number of mounting points depends on the length, mass, use and installation of the power assembly. The mounting system can be mounted at 3, 4 and 5 points. Generally, three-point and four-point mounting systems are used in automobiles, because if the number of mounting points increases when the vibration is relatively large, when the body deformation, some mounting points will be dislocated, so that the engine or mounting bracket force is too large and cause damage to the three points, the advantages of the support is that no matter how bumpy and jumping the car, it can always ensure the support. The point is in a plane, which greatly improves the force condition of the body. The front and rear suspensions of the four-point mount are mainly used to prevent the torsion of the power assembly, and the torsional stiffness is larger than that of the three-point mount.
Three point mounting system
Left suspension: connect with gearbox, mainly power assembly limit and supporting function.
The right suspension: connected with the engine, it can isolate the engine, such as vibration, inertia force and vibration.
Rear suspension: It is connected with the gearbox, and has the functions of longitudinal limit, bearing torque, driving condition limit and so on.
Four point mounting system
It can overcome the large torsional reaction force, but the torsion stiffness is large, which is not conducive to the isolation of low frequency vibration.
Left and right suspension: close to the torsional inertia axis, support the powertrain up and down, and have the function of vibration decoupling.
Front and rear suspension: with the transmission, it has longitudinal limit, driving condition limit and torque endurance.
The power steering hoses run fairly close to the left side exhaust manifold. And the rubber seems to start suffering after 2 years or so and cracking... Replaced another one today.
I was wondering if that exhaust wrap material coukd be wrapped around the rubber portion of the hoses to help protect it from the heat?
Truck refrigeration system consists of four parts: compressor, condenser, expansion valve and evaporator.
transport refrigeration units
The compressor is the power of the refrigeration cycle and is driven by an electric motor to continuously rotate. It can not only extract the vapor in the evaporator in time, maintain low temperature and low pressure, but also increase the pressure and temperature of the refrigerant vapor through the compression function, creating conditions to transfer the heat of the refrigerant vapor to the external environment medium. In other words, the low-temperature and low-pressure refrigerant vapor is compressed to a high-temperature and high-pressure state, and room temperature air or water is used as a cooling medium to condense the refrigerant vapor.
The function of the compressor is to compress low-pressure steam into high-pressure steam, thereby reducing steam volume and increasing pressure. The compressor sucks the working medium vapor with lower pressure from the evaporator, and sends it to the condenser after the pressure increases. The high-pressure liquid is condensed in the condenser. After being throttled by the throttle valve, it becomes a low-pressure liquid and is sent to the evaporator. In the evaporator, it absorbs heat and evaporates into low-pressure steam, which is then sent to the compressor inlet to complete the refrigeration cycle.
The condenser is a heat exchange device that uses the ambient cooling medium (air or water) to take the heat of the high temperature and high pressure cooling steam from the cooling compressor, so that the high temperature and high pressure refrigerant vapor is cooled and condensed into a high pressure normal temperature refrigerant liquid. It is worth mentioning that in the process of transforming refrigerant vapor into refrigerant liquid, the pressure of the condenser is constant and still at high pressure.
3.Throttle element (namely expansion valve)
The high-pressure and normal-temperature refrigerant liquid is directly sent to the low-temperature scale evaporator. According to the corresponding principle of saturation pressure and saturation temperature, the pressure of the refrigerant liquid is reduced, thereby reducing the temperature of the refrigerant liquid. The high-pressure and normal-temperature refrigerant liquid passes through the throttling element of the decompression device to obtain a low-temperature and low-pressure refrigerant, which is sent to the evaporator to absorb heat and evaporate. In daily life, capillary tubes are often used as throttling elements for refrigerators and air conditioners.
The evaporator is also a heat exchange device. The low-temperature and low-pressure refrigerant liquid evaporates (boils) into steam after being throttled, absorbs the heat of the material to be cooled, reduces the temperature of the material, and achieves the purpose of freezing food. In the air conditioner, the surrounding air is cooled to cool and dehumidify the air. The lower the evaporation temperature of the refrigerant in the evaporator, the lower the temperature of the cooling substance. In the refrigerator, the evaporation temperature of the general refrigerant is adjusted to -26°C to -20°C, and in the air conditioner, it is adjusted to 5°C to -8°C.
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transport refrigeration systems
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Truck refrigeration system V450F for midtrucks from 12-28m³