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By Jerry Zhang
CNC lathe machining is a procedure for change the workpiece’s dimensions. There are two categories according to the difference of processing method, One is CNC lathe machining, the other is press working.
What is CNC lathe machining
1. CNC lathe machining definition
CNC lathe machining is a procedure for change the workpiece’s dimensions. There are two categories according to the difference of processing method, One is CNC lathe machining, the other is press working. Name:
CNC lathe machining Function: Change the workpiece’s dimensions Category:
CNC lathe machining, Press working Technics Process: Casting, Forging, Stamping, welding 2. Catalog:
(1) Fundamental process
(1.1) Productive Process
(1.2) Productive Category
(1.3) Process Planning
(2) The instruction for benchmark
(3) CNC lathe machining Processing Cushion
(4) Scope of application
(5) Types of equipment
(6) China CNC lathe machining manufacturers
3. CNC lathe machining fundamental process
(i) Productive Process
Types of equipment productive processes are the process for making the products from raw material (unfinished blanks).
Types of equipment productive process include raw material transit and storage,
CNC lathe machining production preparing, unfinished blank making,
Precision parts’ CNC lathe machining and heat treatment, precision parts’ assembling, test, painting, and package, etc.
In the productive process, there is a technical process.
Technics process is the process to change the workpiece’s shape, dimensions, positions, and character, etc, and make the workpiece to finished precision parts or unfinished blanks.
Technics process is a key part of the productive process.
Technics process includes casting, forging, stamping, welding, CNC lathe machining, assembling, etc.
Types of equipment production technics process include precision parts’ equipment production technics process and types of equipment assembling technics process.
Others are auxiliary processes, for example, transit, storage, power supply, equipment repair, etc.
Technics process also consists of one or several tactic processes, one process consists of several steps.
A process is an elementary unit for types of equipment production technics process.
Process definition is the technics process, that one worker (several workers) finish production continuously on one machine (or one position) for the same workpiece (or several workpieces).
The main characteristic of the process is that it doesn’t change the workpiece, types of equipment, or operator, and continuously.
The step is based on the same CNC lathe machining surface, the same CNC lathe machining tools and the same volume of feed
The Feed is a working process, which is a step for production finish on the workpiece’s surface by tools.
When making the types of equipment’s technics process, you have to make sure how many steps the workpiece needs and the sequence.
Technics flow is a simple process of key processes and sequences.
Technics flow is very important for making technics process,
Its function is to select the correct processing method for each surface, make sure the sequence of each surface, and the number of processes.
(ii) Productive Category
Productive Categories are usually divided into three categories,
a. Single workpiece production:
Manufacture different structures’ and dimensions’ workpiece separately, and seldom repeat. b. Batch production:
Manufacture the same structure and dimensions’ workpiece among one year, there is some repeatability in the manufacturing process. c. Mass production:
The quantity is huge, manufacture the same process in the same place. (iii) Process planning
1. Every technological procedure is planned to make sure the quality of precision parts (types of equipment assembling), And reaches all the specifications as the drawing requests. 2. The technological procedure should have high productivity, The products made by technological procedures should be launched as fast as possible. 3. Try our best to decrease the production cost 4. Pay attention to reduce the intensity of labor to ensure production safety. Raw data
1.Assembling drawing, precision parts drawings
2.Inspection quality standard
3.Yearly production program
4.Conditions of manufacture, including types of equipment and specification, performance and current status, workers’ technological level, power and water supply, etc.
5.Process planning, manual, and standard.
6.Advanced manufacture data
1. Analysis product’s assembling drawing and precision parts’drawings.
2. Confirm the blank
3. Make technics flow and ensure the position reference surface
4. Prepare the types of equipment according to each preocess
5. Prepare the blades, jigs, measuring implement, and auxiliary tools
6. Ensure the specification and inspection method for each process
7. Ensure the allowance for CNC lathe machining, calculate the size and tolerance
8. Ensure the cutting parameters
9. Ensure the production time
4. The instruction for benchmark of CNC lathe machining
Precision part consists of several surfaces,
When analyzing the relative relation of the surfaces, you must confirm a benchmark.
Benchmark is a dot, line, and surface to confirm the part’s dot, line, and surface.
According to the different functions of the benchmarks, there two categories,
One is the design benchmark, the other is the technical benchmark.
1. Design benchmark:
The benchmark to confirm the dots, lines, and surfaces on the drawings 2. Technics benchmark:
The benchmark for production and assembling. 3. Assembling benchmark:
The benchmark for confirming the parts’ position in the products when assembling 4. Measure benchmark:
The benchmark for inspecting the sizes and position 5. Locate benchmark:
The benchmark for CNC lathe machining. 5. CNC lathe machining Processing Cushion
When the blank is made to finish the product, you will be machining out the metal layer,
The total of the metal layer is called the total processing cushion.
The metal layer of every process is called process cushion.
As to the circle and hole, the processing cushion is on the diameter, called symmetry cushion.
The reason, why the workpiece has the processing cushion, is to CNC lathe machining out the tolerance or defect on the workpiece from the last process, for example,
The cold layer of casting parts, bubble hole of casting parts, the sand layer of casting parts.Oxide skin of forging parts, surface crack of forging parts, decarburized layer of forging parts.
The surface roughness of CNC lathe machining, etc.
The processing cushion can increase the precision and roughness of workpieces.
The volume of processing cushion will affect the product quality and production efficiency.
If the processing cushion is too big, it will increase the CNC lathe machining sum of labor,
Decrease the production efficiency, increase the loss for raw material, tools and power,
And increase the production cost.
If the processing cushion is too small, the tolerances and defects from the last process cannot be removed,
The tolerances for loading and unloading cannot be removed too.
The principle is selecting the smallest processing cushion based on high quality.
Scope of application
1. Different metal parts CNC lathe machining
2. Fabrication, box structure, metal structure
3. Titanium, high-temperature alloy, nonmetal CNC lathe machining
4. Design and manufacture of wind tunnel combustion chamber
5. Design and manufacture of non-standard types of equipment
6. Design and manufacture of molds
Types of equipment
CNC mill CNC grinding machine CNC machine CNC center Laser welding
Electric discharge machining (EDM) Universal grinder WEDM-MS WEDM Cylindrical grinder Internal grinder Precision lathe China CNC lathe machining manufacturers
3 Levels of manufacturers in China
During the development of more than 50 years, there are 3 levels of manufacturers in China,
10% is a top-quality manufacturer, 20% middle quality manufacturer, and 70% low quality & cheap price manufacturer.
The global markets
At present, many markets are growing all over the world, such as Poland, Czech, Turkey in Europe, Thailand, Vietnam, the Philippines, India in Asian, Brazil in South America.
Compared to these new growing markets, China has many advantages based on high quality.
China CNC lathe machining market developing
In the past, everybody think made in China is for cheap and low quality,
It’s because China doesn’t have high precision types of equipment and skilled workers,
It looks like these new growing markets very much.
But now, 10% top quality manufacturer is fully changed,
Their core advantage is high quality, they compete with European and North American famous factories.
Introduction of Sinster
Ningbo Sinster Machine Co., Ltd is one of 10% top quality manufacturer,
You have no risk to cooperate with Sinster,
As many famous brands already choose Sinster and cooperate for long-term,
Such as Supernova, Pelican, ELKA, Cal-van Tools, Firepro, Tecflo, SEB, Keyence, MAUL, RTS, etc.
You can visit the website at www.syluecncmachining.com to find more information,
Don’t forget to send inquiry to [email protected]
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By Erica Zhu Feilong Jiangli
Milling is a cutting method that takes milling cutter rotation as main movement, workpiece or milling cutter as feed motion.
1. plane milling
In mass production, the machining of box parts is mainly using cemented carbide welded circular surface and cemented carbide machine clamped Indexable Surface for plane milling.
The main machines used in the plane milling of automobile case shell parts are vertical and horizontal lifting table milling machine, vertical single-axis and double-axis rotary table plane milling machine, combined milling machine and special milling machine.
2. milling of crankshaft journal
At present, CNC crankshaft milling machine is widely used in the rough machining of crankshaft journal and connecting rod journal using carbide milling cutter.
Milling has the characteristics of high quality and high productivity.
By 袁春凤 (Tiffany)
China's shortcuts in automobile manufacturing industry
Over the past nine years, China has become the world's largest automobile market and producer, with annual production and sales exceeding 25 million vehicles. China's automotive industry has also been the world's largest automotive industry in just a few years, driven by the huge domestic demand of the Chinese market. But there is not a strong enough component system to support the development of China's automobile industry. In March this year, the 2017 Top 100 list of global auto parts suppliers was officially unveiled. Unsurprisingly, Germany's Bosch Group continued to rank first with more than $46 billion in revenue, while German gearbox supplier Zeiff rose to second. From the third to the tenth ranking of parts companies are Magna, electronics, mainland, Aixin, modern Mobius, Virginia, Lear.
In this ranking, China's highest ranking of parts companies is Yanfeng automotive interior system, followed by CITIC Deka ranked 71. And the selected parts enterprises are mainly single components. Feilong Jiangli supply water pumps for car plants.
In contrast, there is no comprehensive automobile parts supplier in China's automobile industry.
Interesting article from http://www.aftermarketnews.com/will-self-driving-cars-boost-the-auto-repair-industry/
While there’s some debate about when self-driving cars will become commonplace – and precisely how they’ll be used by consumers – it’s fair to say that self-driving vehicles are coming. When they arrive, they will likely cause changes across society.
When it comes to changes in the auto repair industry, there’s reason to believe that self-driving cars will lead to overall growth. Here’s why:
1. More Vehicles On The Road
If the most optimistic projections for self-driving cars are correct, the cost of operating a self-driving car will be even lower than the cost of vehicle ownership today. If that’s the case, it’s likely that we’ll see an overall increase in the number of vehicles on the road. This is called “the Jevons effect,” and it’s been seen in history numerous times.
Essentially, the Jevons effect is that consumption increases as prices decrease. If using a vehicle becomes less expensive, people will use their vehicle more often…which would probably mean more vehicles on the road (and in the repair shop).
2. More Annual Miles Driven
If consumers can spend their time in a self-driving vehicle reading, sleeping, working, watching a movie, etc., why wouldn’t they use it for long trips? Instead of dealing with a commercial flight, consumers can get in their self-driving vehicle, enter a destination, and then read a book. It might take a few more hours to drive than it would to fly, but that’s not a big loss if that ‘extra’ travel time can be spent productively.
Not to mention, when you arrive at your destination, you have your vehicle (with all your stuff) at your disposal. No more messing around with airports, rental cars, etc.
Self-Driving Vehicles Will Be Good For Repair Shops
If self-driving vehicles are convenient, safe, and affordable, that can only be good news for the repair industry. Consumers will drive more vehicles more often, leading to more maintenance and repair work. Here’s to our self-driving future!
This article was sponsored by GMB North America, Inc. For more information, please visit our website at www.gmb.net