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The phenomenon of loss of metal in the relative movement of parts is known as the wear of parts. The occurrence of wear will cause changes in the shape, size and surface properties of the parts, which will gradually reduce the working performance of the parts. Wear is sometimes beneficial, such as running-in. According to different friction principles, wear can be divided into abrasive wear, adhesive wear, fatigue wear and corrosion wear. Corrosion wear: The abrasion on the friction surface of parts caused by chemical or electrochemical reaction due to the action of external medium is called corrosive wear. Corrosion wear is divided into oxidation corrosion wear, chemical corrosion wear and fretting wear. Chemical corrosion wear: The abrasion caused by chemical reaction directly between the metal and the external medium is called chemical corrosive wear. When a part is working in corrosive gas or liquid environment, a chemical reaction film is formed on the surface of the component. The bonding strength between the reaction film and the base metal is usually low. When the parts move relative to each other, the chemical reaction film will fall off and cause the chemical corrosion and wear of the parts. Electrochemical corrosion wear: The abrasion caused by the electrochemical reaction of metal in the external medium is called electrochemical corrosion wear. Fretting wear: Fretting wear is called fretting wear, which is caused by alternating load or vibration on the surface of interference fit of parts. Cavitation: Cavitation erosion is a fatigue exfoliation phenomenon on the surface of a solid moving relative to a liquid due to the local high temperature caused by bubble rupture and high impact pressure.
Automotive engine bracket Automobile engine bracket is a safe and functional part of powertrain mounting system. It must satisfy the strength of automobile under various driving conditions and the restraint mode of mounting bracket has a great influence on the noise inside the vehicle. If the design is unreasonable, the natural frequency of the mounting bracket I is too low and in the range of engine operating speed, the mounting bracket will produce resonance, which will increase the noise inside the vehicle. Therefore, modal is one of the important design indexes of mounting bracket. Taking the four-cylinder engine of passenger car as an example, according to the resonance theory, it is required that the natural frequency of the engine mounting bracket should be greater than 500 Hz, and the lowest should be greater than 400 Hz. In fact, due to the limitation of the layout space, the above requirements can not be met. The first order natural frequency should be increased as much as possible. Feilong Jiangli,40 years specialize in engine bracket, through the optimization design and modal analysis of the suspension bracket practice, summed up to improve the modal method, to provide a theoretical basis for design.